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Статистическая физика и термодинамика
Stochastic Processes in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology 

2000 г 
499 c 

pdf 25 Мб 
The series lecture notes in physics reports new developments in physical research and teachingquickly,informally,and at a high level. 
Statistical Physics of NonThermal Phase Transitions 
Abaimov S.G. 
2015 г 
497 c 
Фазовые переходы 
pdf 24 Мб 
This book addresses the application of methods used in statistical physics to complex systems—from simple phenomenological analogies to more complex aspects, such as correlations, fluctuationdissipation theorem, the concept of free energy, renormalization group approach and scaling. Показать полностьюThis book addresses the application of methods used in statistical physics to complex systems—from simple phenomenological analogies to more complex aspects, such as correlations, fluctuationdissipation theorem, the concept of free energy, renormalization group approach and scaling. Statistical physics contains a welldeveloped formalism that describes phase transitions. It is useful to apply this formalism for damage phenomena as well. Fractals, the Ising model, percolation, damage mechanics, fluctuations, free energy formalism, renormalization group, and scaling, are some of the topics covered in Statistical Physics of Phase Transitions. 
Nonextensive statistical mechanics and its applications 
Abe S., Okamoto Y. (eds.) 
2000 г 
279 c 

pdf 1.9 Мб 
Nonextensive statistical mechanics is now a rapidly growing field and a new stream in the research of the foundations of statistical mechanics. Показать полностьюNonextensive statistical mechanics is now a rapidly growing field and a new stream in the research of the foundations of statistical mechanics. This generalization of the wellknown Boltzmann — Gibbs theory enables the study of systems with longrange interactions, longterm memories or multifractal structures. This book consists of a set of selfcontained lectures and includes additional contributions where some of the latest developments — ranging from astro — to biophysics — are covered. Addressing primarily graduate students and lecturers, this book will also be a useful reference for all researchers working in the field. 
Quantum Field Theoretical Methods in Statistical Physics 
Abrikosov A.A. 
1965 г 
379 c 

djvu 4.6 Мб 
The present monograph by three prominent Russian Theoreticians from Landau's Institute is by now well known to Western readers, and the question may be asked why a second English version is being brought out. 
Stochastic Processes Formalism and Applications 
Agarwal G.S., Dattagupta S. (eds.) 
1983 г 
322 c 

djvu 1.8 Мб 
A winter school on STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  FORMALISM AND APPLICATIONS was held at the University of Hyderabad December 15  24, 1982. Показать полностьюA winter school on STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  FORMALISM AND APPLICATIONS was held at the University of Hyderabad December 15  24, 1982. These proceedings are based on lectures delivered at the School. 
Stochastic Processes in Classical and Quantum Systems 
Albeverio S., Casati G., Merlini D. (eds.) 
1986 г 
550 c 

djvu 3.2 Мб 
The theory of stochastic processes has developed rapidly in recent years. Показать полностьюThe theory of stochastic processes has developed rapidly in recent years. An important part of this development has taken place in connection with the study of problems from physics, in particular quantum theory and statistical mechanics. 
Stochastic Processes in Quantum Theory and Statistical Physics 
Albeverio S., Combe Ph., SirugueCollin M. (eds.) 
1982 г 
336 c 

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Depuis quelques annees, la thgorie des probabilites a acquis un statut important en physique mathematique, alors que jusque Ia, ses concepts comale ses methodes n'avaient joue qu'un role marginal, ceci meme en mecanique statistique classique, qui est un domaine naturel pour l'application de telles idles.

Generalized Boltzmann Physical Kinetics 
Alexeev B. 
2004 г 
368 c 

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About twenty years ago it was shown by the author of this book that taking into account the variation of the distribution function over times of the order of the collision time led to additional terms in the Boltzmann equation, which were proportional to mean time between collisions of particles and therefore to the Knudsen number and viscosity in the hydrodynamic limit of the theory. Показать полностьюAbout twenty years ago it was shown by the author of this book that taking into account the variation of the distribution function over times of the order of the collision time led to additional terms in the Boltzmann equation, which were proportional to mean time between collisions of particles and therefore to the Knudsen number and viscosity in the hydrodynamic limit of the theory. Moreover, it turns out that these terms –whose influence grows with an increase in the Knudsen number – cannot be omitted in the case of small Knudsen numbers because these terms contain small parameters in front of senior derivatives. Then these terms should be conserved in the theory in the whole diapason of evolution of Knudsen numbers. I have been working in the kinetic theory for more than 40 years and this conclusion was dramatic first and foremost for myself. Alexeev B. 
Thermodynamics of Natural Systems 
Anderson G.M. 
2005 г 
648 c 

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Instabilities in lasermatter interaction 
Anisimov S., Khokhlov V. 
1995 г 
147 c 

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In the present book, a review is given of thermal and hydrodynamic instabilities appearing in lasermatter interactions at moderate intensities. Показать полностьюIn the present book, a review is given of thermal and hydrodynamic instabilities appearing in lasermatter interactions at moderate intensities. These instabilities also can arise in the processes of heating of condensed matter with electron and ion beams, shock waves, etc. Nonresonant interactions are the subject of this book; to include resonant electromagnetic modes related to the generation of surface electromagnetic waves would require a second book. Note also that these phenomena are not characteristic of the interaction of electron or ion beams with solids. A comprehensive review of the phenomena associated with surface electromagnetic waves can be found in references 11 13. We will not consider here problems of laserdriven inertial confinement fusion; instead, we will restrict our attention to the range of low and moderate laser intensities that are important for technological applications of lasers. This book is constructed as follows: In the first four chapters, we give a survey of the basic processes of nonresonant lasermatter interactions. Laserinduced breakdown of transparent dielectrics is considered in Chapter 2, as an example of instability of "thermal explosion" type (see FrankKamenetskii 14 ). Chapter 4 contains a brief analysis of the effects produced by ultrashort (picosecond and femtosecond) laser pulses. This problem recently has attracted extensive interest due to the important applications of ultrafast laser technology. The problems of stability of thermal processes induced by ultrashort laser pulses have not yet been studied. 
Advaced Thermodynamic Engineering 
Annamalai K., Puri I.K. 
2002 г 
305 c 

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This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Показать полностьюThis book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reprinted material is quoted with permission, and sources are indicated. A wide variety of references are listed. Reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author and the publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or for the consequences of their use. Neither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. 
Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics 
Attard P. 
2002 г 
424 c 

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A physical explanation of entropy based upon the laws of probability is introduced. Показать полностьюA physical explanation of entropy based upon the laws of probability is introduced. The equivalence of entropy and probability that results represents a return to the original viewpoint of Boltzmann, and it serves to demonstrate the fundamental unity of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, a point that has become obscured over the years. The fact that entropy and probability are objective consequences of the mechanics of molecular motion provides a physical basis and a coherent conceptual framework for the two disciplines. The free energy and the other thermodynamic potentials of thermodynamics are shown simply to be the total entropy of a subsystem and reservoir; their minimisation at equilibrium is nothing but the maximum of the entropy mandated by the second law of thermodynamics and is manifest in the peaked probability distributions of statistical mechanics. A straightforward extension to nonequilibrium states by the introduction of appropriate constraints allows the description of fluctuations and the approach to equilibrium, and clarifies the physical basis of the equilibrium state. 
Explosive Boiling of Superheated Cryogenic Liquids 
Baidakov V.G. 
2007 г 
340 c 
Фазовые переходы 
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The monograph is devoted to the description of the kinetics of spontaneous boiling of superheated liquefied gases and their solutions. Показать полностьюThe monograph is devoted to the description of the kinetics of spontaneous boiling of superheated liquefied gases and their solutions. Experimental results are given on the temperature of accessible superheating, the limits of tensile strength of liquids due to processes of cavitation and the rates of nucleation of classical and quantum liquids. The kinetics of evolution of the gas phase is studied in detail for solutions of cryogenic liquids and gassaturated fluids. The properties of the critical clusters (bubbles of critical sizes) of the newly evolving gas phase are analyzed for initial states near the equilibrium coexistence curves of liquid and gas, for states near the limits of accessible superheating and for initial states near the respective spinodal curves. Finally, processes of explosive boiling of cryogenic liquids are considered occurring as the result of outflow processes and intensive interactions with hightemperature liquid samples. 
Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics 
Balescu R. 
1975 г 
742 c 

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The decision to draw a final full stop at the end of a manuscript is always a very difficult one. Показать полностьюThe decision to draw a final full stop at the end of a manuscript is always a very difficult one. Just as in research one never feels fully satisfied with one’s own work, one feels tempted to continue the refinement process ad infinitum. But other factors work in the opposite direction. An active field like statistical mechanics is very far from being in a steady state. While one works on refining, and possibly contracting some chapter, new and often important results are flowing in from another side, and these in turn bring along the compelling need of a revision of some other chapter. 
Lecture Notes in Physics (7). Lectures in Statistical Physics 
Balescu R., Lebowitz J.L. 
1971 г 
181 c 

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These lectures are taken from the Advanced School for Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics organized by the Center for Statistical mechanics of the University of Texas at Austin,(Professor Ilya Prigogine director). Показать полностьюThese lectures are taken from the Advanced School for Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics organized by the Center for Statistical mechanics of the University of Texas at Austin,(Professor Ilya Prigogine director). All lectures, except for those by Professor Lebowitz, are from the first school held in Spring 1969. Those by Professor Lebowitz are from the following year. The lectures in this series form a natural sequence. Professor Prigogine first discusses the new developments in the macroscopic theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics in the nonlinear domain, particularly the dissipative structures", order appearing in far from equilibrium states. The theme of order continues in Professor Salzburg's review of equilibrium properties of phase transitions with particular emphasis on the question of long range order in one, two and three dimensional space. Dynamical effects are then reviewed by Professor Resibois in his lecturers on more recent developments. Here he discusses, for example, dynamical scaling, thesemimicroscopic theory of Kadanoff and Swift. 
Lectures in Statistical Physics 
Balescu R., Lebowitz J.L., Prigogine I., Resibois P., Salsburg Z.W. 
1971 г 
181 c 

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These lectures are taken from the Advanced School for Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics organized by the Center for Statistical Mechanics of the University of Texas at Austin,(Professor Ilya Prigogine director. Показать полностьюThese lectures are taken from the Advanced School for Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics organized by the Center for Statistical Mechanics of the University of Texas at Austin,(Professor Ilya Prigogine director. All lectures, except for those by Professor Lebowitz, are from the first school held in Spring 1969. Those by Professor Lebowitz are from the following year. 
From microphysics to macrophysics. Methods and Applications of Statistical Physics. Volume 1 
Balian R. 
2006 г 
465 c 

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Although it has changed considerably in both coverage and length, this book originated from lecture courses at the Ecole Polytechnique. Показать полностьюAlthough it has changed considerably in both coverage and length, this book originated from lecture courses at the Ecole Polytechnique. It is useful to remind nonFrench readers of the special place this institution occupies in our education system, as it has few features in common with institutes with a similar name in other parts of the world. In fact, its programme corresponds to the intermediate years at a university, while the level of the students is particularly high owing to their strict selection through entrance examinations. The courses put a stress on giving foundations with a balance between the various natural and mathematical sciences, without neglecting general cultural aspects; specialization and technological instruction follow after the students have left the Ecole. The students form a very mixed population, not yet having made their choice of career. Many of them become highlevel engineers, covering all branches of industry, some devote themselves to pure or applied research, others become managers or civil servants, and one can find former students of the Ecole amongst generals, the clergy, teachers, and even artists and Presidents of France. 
Ein Vergleich expliziter algebraischer ReynoldsSpannungsmodelle 
Baumer V. 
2000 г 
171 c 

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Equilibrium Statistical Physics 
Baus M., Tejero C.F. 
2008 г 
364 c 

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The purpose of this textbook is to introduce the student to a basic area of macroscopic physics, namely the statistical mechanical study of the different phases of matter, as well as the phase transitions between them. Показать полностьюThe purpose of this textbook is to introduce the student to a basic area of macroscopic physics, namely the statistical mechanical study of the different phases of matter, as well as the phase transitions between them. Although many books on statistical physics, for both equilibrium and nonequilibrium systems, are already available, they largely differ in contents. This generally reflects not only the different interests of their authors, but also the epoch in which they were written. For instance, the early books did usually devote much space to problems of the solid state, whereas later ones do include, moreover, several aspects of the liquid state. At present, however, the main emphasis in physics is on soft matter (e.g. liquid crystals, colloids, polymers), and therefore these particular states of matter have also been included in this volume. The main purpose of this textbook will consist, hence, in providing its students with a first introduction, within the general framework of equilibrium statistical physics, to a much larger variety of phases and phase transitions than was previously the case for textbooks of statistical mechanics. Many of these novel topics do, of course, deserve a more detailed study than the one which can be provided here. Indeed, in the spirit of a first introduction, only very simple models of these phases will be given, but more detailed information can be found in the suggestions for further reading given in the References. 
Exactly solved models in statistical mechanics 
Baxter R.J. 
1989 г 
502 c 

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This book was conceived as a slim monograph, but grew to its present size as I attempted to set down an account of twodimensional lattice models in statistical mechanics, and how they have been solved. Показать полностьюThis book was conceived as a slim monograph, but grew to its present size as I attempted to set down an account of twodimensional lattice models in statistical mechanics, and how they have been solved. While doing so I have been pulled in opposite directions. On the other hand I remembered the voice of the graduate student at the conference, who said ' But you've left out all the working — how do I do get from equation (81) to (82)?' On the other hand I knew from the experience how many sheets of paper go into the wastepaper basket after even a modest calculation: there was no way they could all appear in print. 
Entropy demystified. The second law of thermodynamics reduced to plain common sense 
BenNaim A. 
2007 г 
221 c 

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Methodes geometriques pour systemes thermodynamiques 
Benayoun L. 
1999 г 
240 c 

pdf 873 Кб 
Statistical mechanics 
Bergersen B. 
2001 г 
113 c 

djvu 546 Кб 
These notes contain material from lectures in two courses PHYS 303 and 455 at UBC. Показать полностьюThese notes contain material from lectures in two courses PHYS 303 and 455 at UBC. Sections 17 largely presents material given fall 1996. That year I went on to present the theory of Bose Einstein condensation and superfluidity following closely the discussion of a book that I coauthored with Michael Plischke at Simon Eraser University[1]. Since this material is in print I do not reproduce it here. Instead I have added a discussion of phase transitions from PHYS 455 some years earlier. Some of that material is also incorporated in the book mentioned above, but the emphasis is quite different. I have also added to section 2 some subsections on the Weibull distribution and on scale free distributions ("Pareto tail"). 
Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer 
Bergman T., Lavine A. 
2017 г 
1046 c 

pdf 14 Мб 
This book 8th Edition has been the gold standard of heat transfer pedagogy for many decades, with a commitment to continuous improvement by four authors’ with more than 150 years of combined experience in heat transfer education, research and practice. Показать полностьюThis book 8th Edition has been the gold standard of heat transfer pedagogy for many decades, with a commitment to continuous improvement by four authors’ with more than 150 years of combined experience in heat transfer education, research and practice. Applying the rigorous and systematic problemsolving methodology that this text pioneered an abundance of examples and problems reveal the richness and beauty of the discipline. This edition makes heat and mass transfer more approachable by giving additional emphasis to fundamental concepts, while highlighting the relevance of two of today’s most critical issues: energy and the environment. 
Statistical Mechanics. Part B: TimeDependent Processes 
Berne B.J. 
1977 г 
362 c 

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Statistical mechanics brings together under one roof a broad spectrum of mathematical techniques. Показать полностьюStatistical mechanics brings together under one roof a broad spectrum of mathematical techniques. The aim of these volumes is to provide a didactic treatment of those techniques that are most useful for the study of problems of current interest to theoretical chemists. The emphasis throughout is on the techniques themselves and not on reviewing the enormous literature in statistical mechanics. 
Monte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics 
Binder K., Heermann D.W. 
2010 г 
212 c 
Моделирование физических процессов 
pdf 4.1 Мб 
Monte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics deals with the computer simulation of manybody systems in condensedmatter physics and related fields of physics, chemistry and beyond, to traffic flows, stock market fluctuations, etc.). Using random numbers generated by a computer, probability distributions are calculated, allowing the estimation of the thermodynamic properties of various systems. Показать полностьюMonte Carlo Simulation in Statistical Physics deals with the computer simulation of manybody systems in condensedmatter physics and related fields of physics, chemistry and beyond, to traffic flows, stock market fluctuations, etc.). Using random numbers generated by a computer, probability distributions are calculated, allowing the estimation of the thermodynamic properties of various systems. This book describes the theoretical background to several variants of these Monte Carlo methods and gives a systematic presentation from which newcomers can learn to perform such simulations and to analyze their results. The fifth edition covers Classical as well as Quantum Monte Carlo methods. Furthermore a new chapter on the sampling of freeenergy landscapes has been added. To help students in their work a special web server has been installed to host programs and discussion groups (http://wwwcp.tphys.uniheidelberg.de). Prof. Binder was awarded the Berni J. Alder CECAM Award for Computational Physics 2001 as well as the Boltzmann Medal in 2007. 
Transport Phenomena. 2nd Edition 
Bird R.B., Lightfoot E.N., Stewart W.E. 
2002 г 
895 c 

djvu 18 Мб 
Treats momentum transport (viscous flow), energy transport (heat conduction, convection, and radiation), and mass transport (diffusion). Показать полностьюTreats momentum transport (viscous flow), energy transport (heat conduction, convection, and radiation), and mass transport (diffusion). All topics are organized around the “equations of change”: the equations of motion, energy, and continuity. Careful attention is paid to the presentation of the basic theory. — Enhanced sections throughout text provide much firmer foundation than the first edition. — Literature citations are given throughout for reference to additional material. 
Fundamentals of Statistical Mechanics 
Bloch F. 
1989 г 
302 c 

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Statistical mechanics is a powerful subject. It is the key to understanding the physical behavior of the manybody systems making up the world around us. The basic goal is to relate the physical properties of a macroscopic laboratory sample in thermal equilibrium to the detailed dynamical behavior of the atomic and subatomic systems constituting the sample. Показать полностьюStatistical mechanics is a powerful subject. It is the key to understanding the physical behavior of the manybody systems making up the world around us. The basic goal is to relate the physical properties of a macroscopic laboratory sample in thermal equilibrium to the detailed dynamical behavior of the atomic and subatomic systems constituting the sample. The number of such constituents is generally vast, comparable to Avogadro’s number N = 6.023 x 102S/mole. Ordinary experience gives us very little feel for this magnitude, yet it provides the basis for equilibrium statistical mechanics. Once the fundamental principles are understood, statistical mechanics immediately relates microscopic behavior to physical observables. 
Irreversibility and causality. Semigroups and rigged Hilbert spaces 
Bohm A., Doebner H.D., Kielanowski P. (eds.) 
1998 г 
384 c 

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This volume has its origin in the Semigroup Symposium which was organized in connection with the 21st International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics (ICGTMP) at Goslar, Germany, July 1621, 1996. Показать полностьюThis volume has its origin in the Semigroup Symposium which was organized in connection with the 21st International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics (ICGTMP) at Goslar, Germany, July 1621, 1996. Just as groups are important tools for the description of reversible physical processes, including stationary states, semigroups are in dispensable tools in the description of irreversible physical processes in which a direction of time is distinguished. 
Molecular hydrodynamics 
Boon J.P., Yip S. 
1980 г 
418 c 

djvu 4.5 Мб 
This graduatelevel introduction to the theory and applications of time correlation functions and the molecular theory of fluid dynamics provides experimentalists with the theoretical tools useful for analysis of experimental results, and theoreticians a comprehensive source of illustrations of theories most relevant in practical applications. Показать полностьюThis graduatelevel introduction to the theory and applications of time correlation functions and the molecular theory of fluid dynamics provides experimentalists with the theoretical tools useful for analysis of experimental results, and theoreticians a comprehensive source of illustrations of theories most relevant in practical applications. The book reviews the concepts, basic tools and basic approximations of molecular hydrodynamics, then explores selfdiffusion, spacedependent diffusion, hydrodynamic fluctuations, fluctuations at finite wavelengths and finite frequencies. 110 illustrations. 
Thermodynamik auf statistischer Grundlage 
Bopp F. 
1965 г 
218 c 

djvu 3.1 Мб 
Wir nennen diese Vorlesung "Thermostatistik11 und verstehen darunter eine durch die statistische Mechanik begründete Thermodynamik. Показать полностьюWir nennen diese Vorlesung "Thermostatistik11 und verstehen darunter eine durch die statistische Mechanik begründete Thermodynamik. Thermodynamik, kinetische Theorie der Materie und statistische Mechanik befassen sich je unter etwas verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten mit dem gleichen Gegenstand, nämlich mit dem Wärmeverhalten makroskopischer Körper und der Strahlung. Temperatur, Wärmemenge und Entropie sind die zentralen Begriffe der Wärmelehre. Ihre Einführung unmittelbar aufgrund der Erfahrung erfolgt in der Thermodynamik, die aus phänomenologisch gewonnenen Prinzipien, nämlich aus den sogenannten Hauptsätzen deduktiv abgeleitet wird. Während die so begründete Thermodynamik gewöhnlich im Zentrum der Vorlesungen über Thermodynamik steht, wollen wir uns hier von vornherein auf den Boden der statistischen Mechanik stellen und von dieser Basis aus zu den Prinzipien der Thermodynamik vorstoßen. Sicher gehört die Thermodynamik zu jenen schönen Disziplinen der Physik, in denen in unmittelbarer Anlehnung an die Erfahrung eine in ihren Grundlagen völlig abgeschlossene Theorie entwickelt wird, die vielfältige Anwendung findet. Darum empfehlen wir, als Ergänzung zur Vorlesung Monographien über die Grundlagen der Thermodynamik zu studieren, etwa die beiden ersten Kapitel aus dem Sommerfel&3Chen Lehrbuch, außerdem den "Grundriß der Thermodynamik" von Max Planck. Doch geben wir der statistischen Betrachtungsweise den Vorzug, selbstverständlich ohne auf die Anwendungen zu verzichten, die man gewöhnlich in einer Thermodynamikvorlesung bringt. Y/ir hoffen, auf diesem Wege stärker zu betonen, daß die statistische Betrachtungsweise in der Wärmelehre nicht nur ein Anhängsel an die Thermodynamik zu ihrer Vertiefung ist, sondern ihre unentbehrliche Grundlage. Die für die Thermodynamik so wichtigen Zustandsfunktionen lassen sich in der statistischen Mechanik nicht nur definieren und durch Messungen bestimmen; sie werden vielmehr aus den Zustandssummen abgeleitet, die unmittelbar durch die Elementarprozesse bestimmt sind, mathematisch gesprochen durch Gleichungen, welche wir der klassischen Mechanik, der Quantenmechanik oder der Strahlungstheorie entnehmen. Aus dem Gesagten geht hervor, daß wir die statistische Betrachtungsweise nicht um ihrer selbst willen in den Vordergrund stellen, sondern nur im Hinblick auf die Wärmelehre, Darum verzichten wir auf die Vollständigkeit, die man in einer Vorlesung über statistische Mechanik anstreben müßte. 
Fundamentals of Thermodynamics 
Borgnakke C., Sonntag R.E. 
2012 г 
912 c 

pdf 25 Мб 
Now in a new edition, this book continues to set the standard for teaching readers how to be effective problem solvers, emphasizing the authors’s signature methodologies that have taught over a half million students worldwide. Показать полностьюNow in a new edition, this book continues to set the standard for teaching readers how to be effective problem solvers, emphasizing the authors’s signature methodologies that have taught over a half million students worldwide. This new edition provides a studentfriendly approach that emphasizes the relevance of thermodynamics principles to some of the most critical issues of today and coming decades, including a wealth of integrated coverage of energy and the environment, biomedical/bioengineering, as well as emerging technologies. Visualization skills are developed and basic principles demonstrated through a complete set of animations that have been interwoven throughout. 
Probabilities in physics 
Bricmont J. et al. 
2001 г 
265 c 

pdf 1.5 Мб 
The nature of thermodynamics 
Bridgman P.W. 
1943 г 
229 c 

djvu 1.8 Мб 
Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases 
Brilliantov N.V., Poschel T. 
2004 г 
329 c 

djvu 3.1 Мб 
The.present book is intended to serve as an introduction to statistical mechanics and the kinetic theory of granular gases as it has been developed mainly during the past decade. Показать полностьюThe.present book is intended to serve as an introduction to statistical mechanics and the kinetic theory of granular gases as it has been developed mainly during the past decade. The text is selfevident, in the sense that (for very few exceptions) the understanding of its content does not require mathematical or physical knowledge that goes beyond the knowledge needed to follow undergraduate physics courses being taught at any university. The material is adequate for a onesemester course in 'Kinetic Theory of Dissipative Gases'. In early publications on the theory of granular gases, quite an arbitrary mechanism of energy dissipation at collision was assumed, characterized by a constant coefficient of restitution. Although this assumption simplifies the mathematics considerably, it does not agree with physical reality. Therefore, throughout the book we have put special emphasis on a physically correct microscopic collision law. 
Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases 
Brilliantov N.V., Pöschel T. 
2004 г 
329 c 

pdf 18 Мб 
Kinetic Theory of granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics as it has been developed mainly during the past decade. Показать полностьюKinetic Theory of granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics as it has been developed mainly during the past decade. The book is aimed at readers from the advanced undergraduate level onwards and leads up to the present state of research. The text is selfcontained, in the sense that no mathematical or physical knowledge is required that goes beyond standard undergraduate physics courses. The material is adequate for a onesemester course and contains chapter summaries as well as exercises with detailed solutions. Special emphasis is put on a microscopically consistent description of pairwise particle collisions which leads to an impactvelocity dependent coefficient of restitution. The description of the manyparticle system, based on the Boltzmann equation, starts with the derivation of the velocity distribution function, followed by the investigation of selfdiffusion and Brownian motion. Using hydrodynamical methods, transport processes and selforganized structure formulation are studies. An appendix gives a brief introduction to eventdriven molecular dynamics. A second appendix describes a novel mathematical technique for the derivation of the kinetic properties which allows for the application of computer algebra. The book is accompanied by a web page where the molecular dynamics program as well as the computeralgebra programs are provided. 
The kinetic theory of gases: an anthology of classic papers with historical commentary 
Brush S.G., Hall S.N. 



pdf 32 Мб 
This book introduces physics students and teachers to the historical development of the kinetic theory of gases, by providing a collection of the most important contributions by Clausius, Maxwell and Boltzmann, with introductory surveys explaining their significance. Показать полностьюThis book introduces physics students and teachers to the historical development of the kinetic theory of gases, by providing a collection of the most important contributions by Clausius, Maxwell and Boltzmann, with introductory surveys explaining their significance. In addition, extracts from the works of Boyle, Newton, Mayer, Joule, Helmholtz, Kelvin and others show the historical context of ideas about gases, energy and irreversibility. In addition to five thematic essays connecting the classical kinetic theory with 20th century topics such as indeterminism and interatomic forces, there is an extensive international bibliography of historical commentaries on kinetic theory, thermodynamics, etc. published in the past four decades. 
Thermodynamics: an introductory treatise 
Bryan G.H. 
1906 г 
204 c 

djvu 11 Мб 
The earlier chapters of the text are devoted to an elementary exposition of the theory of Galois Fields chiefly in their abstract form. Показать полностьюThe earlier chapters of the text are devoted to an elementary exposition of the theory of Galois Fields chiefly in their abstract form. The conception of an abstraot field is introduced by means of the simplest example, that of the classes of residues with respect to a prime modulus. For any prime number p and positive integer n, there exists one and but one Galois Field of order pn. In view of the theorem of Moore that every finite field may be represented as a Galois Field, our investigations acquire complete generality when we take as basis the general Galois Field. It was found to be impracticable to attempt to indicate the sources of the individual theorems and conceptions of the theory. Aside from the independent discovery of theorems by different writers and a general lack of reference to earlier papers, the later writers have given wide generalizations of the results of earlier investigators. The second part of the book is intended to give an elementary exposition of the more important results concerning linear groups in a Galois Field. The linear groups investigated by Galois, Jordan and Serret were defined for the field of integers taken modulo p and the general Galois Field enters only incidentally in their investigations. The linear fractional group in a general Galois Field was partially investigated by Mathieu, and exhaustively by Moore, Burnside and Wiman. The work of Moore first emphasized the importance of employing in group problems the general Galois Field in place of the special field of integers, the results being almost as simple and the investigations no more complicated. In this way the systems of linear groups studied by Jordan have all be generalized by the author and in the investigation of new systems the Galois Jb'ield has been employed ab initio. 
A Guide to Physics Problems. Part 2. Thermodynamics, Statistical Physics, and Quantum Mechanics 
Cahn S., Mahan G.D. Nadgorny B. 
2004 г 
349 c 

pdf 6 Мб 
A Guide to Physics Problems is a twovolume set of problems taken from Ph.D. qualifying exams. Показать полностьюA Guide to Physics Problems is a twovolume set of problems taken from Ph.D. qualifying exams. Part 2 — the companion to Part 1: Mechanics, Relativity, and Electrodynamics (Plenum 1994)  features 182 challenging problems with detailed solutions, textbook references, clear illustrations, and an easytouse layout. 
Thermodynamics and An Introduction to thermostatistics 
Callen H.B. 
1985 г 
496 c 

djvu 7 Мб 
Two primary curricular options are listed in the "menu" following. Показать полностьюTwo primary curricular options are listed in the "menu" following. In one option the chapters are followed in sequence (Column A alone, or, followed by all or part of column B). In the "integrated" option the menu is followed from top to bottom. Chapter 15 is a short and elementary statistical interpretation of entropy; it can be inserted immediately after Chapter 1, Chapter 4, or Chapter 7. The chapters listed below the first dotted line are freely flexible with respect to sequence, or to inclusion or omission. To balance the concrete and particular against more esoteric sections, instructors may choose to insert parts of Chapter 13 (Properties of Materials) at various stages, or to insert the Postlude (Chapter 21, Symmetry and Conceptual Foundations) at any point in the course. 
Challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Theory and Experiment 
Capek V., Sheehan D. 
2005 г 
347 c 

pdf 3 Мб 
This monograph is the first to examine modern challenges to the second law. Показать полностьюThis monograph is the first to examine modern challenges to the second law. For more than a century this field has lain fallow and beyond the pale of legitimate scientific inquiry due both to a dearth of scientific results and to a surfeit of peer pressure against such inquiry. It is remarkable that 20th century physics, which embraced several radical paradigm shifts, was unwilling to wrestle with this remnant of 19th century physics, whose foundations were admittedly suspect and largely unmodified by the discoveries of the succeeding century. This failure is due in part to the many strong imprimaturs placed on it by prominent scientists like Planck, Eddington, and Einstein. There grew around the second law a nearly inpenetrable mystique which only now is being pierced. 
Scaling and Renormalization in Statistical Physics 
Cardy J. 
1996 г 
252 c 

djvu 2.2 Мб 
Scaling concepts play a central role in the analysis of the ever more complex systems which nowadays are the focus of much attention in the physical sciences. Показать полностьюScaling concepts play a central role in the analysis of the ever more complex systems which nowadays are the focus of much attention in the physical sciences. Whether these problems relate to the very large scale structure of the universe, to the complicated forms of everyday macroscopic objects, or to the behaviour of the interactions between the fundamental constituents of matter at very short distances, they all have the common feature of possessing large numbers of degrees of freedom which interact with each other in a complicated and highly nonlinear fashion, often according to laws which are only poorly understood. Yet it is often possible to make progress in understanding such problems by isolating a few relevant variables which characterise the behaviour of these systems on a particular length or time scale, and postulating simple scaling relations between them. These may serve to unify sets of experimental and numerical data taken under widely differing conditions, a phenomenon called universality. When there is only a single independent variable, these relations often take the form of power laws, with exponents which do not appear to be simple rational numbers yet are, once again, universal. The existence of such scaling behaviour may often be explained through a framework of theoretical ideas loosely grouped under the term tenorrealization. Roughly speaking, this describes how the parameters specifying the system must be adjusted, under putative changes of the underlying dynamics, in such a way as not to modify the measurable properties on the length or time scales of interest. The simple postulate of the existence of a fixed point of these renormalization flows is then sufficient to explain qualitatively the appearance of universal scaling laws. Unfortunately, for most examples of complex systems, such a tenorrealization approach has not, as yet, been put on a systematic basis starting from the underlying microscopic dynamics. In trying to understand scaling arguments applied to such problems it is often dicult, especially for newcomers, to understand why certain variables should be neglected while others are retained in such scaling descriptions, and why in some cases power law relations should hold while they fail in others. Fortunately, there is a class of physical problems within which the concepts of scaling and renormalization may be derived systematically, and which therefore have become a paradigm for the whole approach. These concern equilibrium critical behaviour. The systems which exhibit such behaviour are governed by the simple and well understood laws of statistical mechanics. Indeed, along with the high energy behaviour of quantum field theories, this was the area of physics in which the concepts of renormalization were first formulated. Although the subject of equilibrium critical behaviour is, apart from a few unsolved problems, no longer of the greatest topical theoretical or experimental interest, its study is nonetheless important in providing a solid grounding to anyone who wishes to go on to attempt to understand scaling and renormalization in more esoteric systems. Yet the typical student in condensed matter theory faces a problem in trying to accomplish this. Historically, the subjects of renormalization in quantum field theory (as applied to particle physics) and in equilibrium critical behaviour have developed in parallel. This is no coincidence  the two sets of problems have, mathematically, a great deal in common, and, indeed, the most systematic formulation of the subject relies heavily on the property of renormalizability in quantum field theory. However, much of the qualitative structure of renormalization may be introduced through the alternative real space methods which are both simple and appealing. But students who learn this approach, and then wish to go further in existing accounts of the subject, must make a complete change of gears to momentum space methods which require a great deal of investment of time and effort in digesting the whole formalism of Feynman diagrams and renormalization theory. As a result, the study of the subject rapidly becomes overladen with formalism, and the student, if he or she is lucky, has just about time to learn how to calculate the critical exponents of the Ising model in 4e dimensions before the course comes to an end. The average student thereby often misses out on any account of the tremendously wide range of problems, even within critical behaviour, on which these methods may be brought to bear. 
Thermodynamik und statistik 
Cassing W. 
1999 г 
151 c 

gz 786 Кб 
Disordered Systems and Localization 
Castellani C., Castro C.Di., Peliti L. (eds.) 
1981 г 
308 c 

djvu 1.9 Мб 
The 1970s have witnessed the success of a paradigm (+) , the renormalization group, introduced in condensed matter physics to face a serious challenge to statistical mechanics: the understanding of critical phenomena. Показать полностьюThe 1970s have witnessed the success of a paradigm (+) , the renormalization group, introduced in condensed matter physics to face a serious challenge to statistical mechanics: the understanding of critical phenomena. The paradigm was rapidly applied to an increasingly wide spectrum of problems, some of which at first sight seemed quite far from ordinary phase transitions. 
Heat transfer: a practical approach 
Cengel Y.A. 
2002 г 
873 c 

pdf 10 Мб 
Thermodynamics: an engineering approach (5ed.) 
Cengel, Boles. 

963 c 

pdf 21 Мб 
This book is intended for use as a textbook by undergraduate engineering students in their sophomore or junior year, and as a reference book for practicing engineers. Показать полностьюThis book is intended for use as a textbook by undergraduate engineering students in their sophomore or junior year, and as a reference book for practicing engineers. The objectives of this text are • To cover the basic principles of thermodynamics. • To present a wealth of realworld engineering examples to give students a feel for how thermodynamics is applied in engineering practice. • To develop an intuitive understanding of thermodynamics by emphasizing the physics and physical arguments. 
Solutions manual for: Thermodynamics: an engineering approach (5ed.) 
Cengel, Boles. 

1733 c 

djvu 12 Мб 
Slow rarefied flows. Theory and application to microelectromechanical systems 
Cercignani C. 
2006 г 
166 c 

pdf 1.2 Мб 
This volume is intended to cover the present status of the mathematical tools used to deal with problems related to slow rarefied flows. Показать полностьюThis volume is intended to cover the present status of the mathematical tools used to deal with problems related to slow rarefied flows. The meaning and usefulness of the subject, and the extent to which it is covered in the book, are discussed in some detail in the introduction. In short, I tried to present the basic concepts and the techniques used in probing mathematical questions and problems which arise when studying slow rarefied flows in environmental sciences and micromachines. For the book to be uptodate without being excessively large, it was necessary to omit some topics, which are treated elsewhere, as indicated in the introduction and, whenever the need arises, in the various chapters of this volume. Their omission does not alter the aim of the book, to provide an understanding of the essential mathematical tools required to deal with slow rarefied flows and give the background for a study of the original literature. Carlo Cercignani 
Introduction to modern statistical mechanics 
Chandler D. 
1987 г 
274 c 

djvu 2.1 Мб 
Leading physical chemist David Chandler takes a new approach to statistical mechanics to provide the only introductorylevel work on the modern topics of renormalization group theory, Monte Carlo simulations, time correlation functions, and liquid structure. Показать полностьюLeading physical chemist David Chandler takes a new approach to statistical mechanics to provide the only introductorylevel work on the modern topics of renormalization group theory, Monte Carlo simulations, time correlation functions, and liquid structure. The author provides compact summaries of the fundamentals of this branch of physics and discussions of many of its traditional elementary applications, interspersed with over 150 exercises and microcomputer programs. 
Stochastic problems in physics and astronomy 
Chandrasekhar S. 
1943 г 
89 c 

djvu 4 Мб 
IN this review we shall consider certain fundamental probability methods which are finding applications increasingly in a wide variety of problems and in fields as different as colloid chemistry and stellar dynamics. Показать полностьюIN this review we shall consider certain fundamental probability methods which are finding applications increasingly in a wide variety of problems and in fields as different as colloid chemistry and stellar dynamics. However, a common characteristic of all these problems is that interest is focused on a property which is the result of superposition of a large number of variables, the values which these variables take being governed by certain probability laws. 
437 книг, показано с 1 по 50
